What is physiotherapy and how does it help patients?


If you are dealing with injuries or health problems involving bones, nerves, tendons or muscles, you should take into consideration speaking to a physiotherapist. They will help you improve your body’s power, strength, movement and flexibility and they will correct your body posture. Physiotherapy centres analyse the state of their patients, make a clinical diagnosis and asses them with their problem. According to every specific case, physiotherapists will select the suitable treatment and will design their patients a home exercise program that will help them recover. It is important to choose a centre, which does not offer you only physio, because the therapist will recommend you activities that might include saunas, pools, spas or fitness exercises. In this article, you will find all the information you might want to know about physiotherapy, and what benefits it offers to persons who have to deal with sports injuries or other similar issues.

What is physiotherapy?

Back in the nineteenth century, manipulation and massage were not seen as belonging to the medical domain, because the latter only implied surgical procedures and drug treatment. Nowadays, the first two techniques are recognised as specialised fields of medicine. Physiotherapy helps patients maintaining and restoring their functional movement, and it promotes health in individuals and reduces pain. It treats a wide array of health issues, like pediatric conditions, cardiothoracic conditions, arthritic conditions, neurological diseases and disorders, fractures, headaches, spinal injuries and pain or post-surgical rehabilitation. Physiotherapists use a great variety of techniques that help your joints and muscles work to their full potential and speed up the healing process. These techniques also reduce the stiffness and pain and repair the damage of your joints and muscles. In case the patients experienced a stroke in the past, a physiotherapist helps them relearn the basic movements. The physiotherapists not only treat these conditions, but they also offer patients valuable advice that help them prevent their health problems returning.

Whom can physiotherapy help?

This field of medicine offers patients from infancy to old ages a way of dealing with their health issues. Physiotherapy can help anyone who is experiencing symptoms that affect their mobility. Depending on the patient’s condition, it can prevent or treat physical problems, which are the result of years of sitting badly or poor posture. Anyone who has to handle one of the health issues written above, or other similar ones can collaborate with a physiotherapist and try to recover from that state. In case you experience arthritis, heart diseases, breathing problems, osteoporosis, incontinence or Alzheimer’s diseases, you should talk with a physiotherapist and ask him to create for you a customised program. The specialists who have diagnosed them can recommend them to see a physiotherapist, and in case you consider that you might feel better by practising this type of exercises, you should contact a centre and see what the specialists have to say.

How does physical therapy help patients?

Many of the persons who are hearing about physiotherapy think that it is a super-focused type of workout, but the truth is its purpose does not involve burning calories. The main goal during the program is to target the muscles of the affected area, where you are experiencing pains and to help the joints work better and have support. A session of physiotherapy might involve a combination of different exercises and trainings, and you will have to do some of the moves at home, between sessions. Because the exercises have to target the areas where you feel pain, the program will include pain relief exercises, which will make you more flexible and stronger. Depending on your condition, your customised program might include stretching, which is quite gentle and you will do the exercises only when the therapist considers that you are warmed up. You do not have to stretch too far, because the purpose is to train your muscle and joints, and become flexible. In addition, you might have to make strengthening exercises, and use the machines found in the fitness room of the centre, like the resistance band. This is the main reason you should select a physiotherapy centre that also features a fitness room. Some specialists recommend their patients to take low-impact aerobic training, because it will take easy on your joints and it will rev up your heart. During this training, you might simply walk fast, or you would have to use the stationary bike. Usually this training is followed by stretching exercises. In case you will have to practice at home, your physician will take care to explain you how you should do every exercise correctly, because you have to take care not to deteriorate your state.

What else you should expect from physiotherapy

The first time you visit a physiotherapy centre, it is quite probable not to train at all, because the specialists who work there will analyse your state, and create a plan that meets your needs. They will try to find out what causes your health problem, and examine you to assess your range of movement, strength and flexibility. According to their conclusions, you will have to follow a plan, which might include all the exercises stated above, or only some of them. In addition, in some situations, physiotherapists choose to combine these exercises with other techniques. In case your joints feature inflammation they will apply on it heat or ice packs, and in this way, your muscles will allow you to move better. Other technique widely used when treating people who experience painful health problems is massage. However, you have to know that you will not feel as relaxed as when you go to a spa, because massage on injured area produces pain. You do not have to worry, your therapist will assures to offer you great care and safety, and you will feel better quite soon.


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